Creste broadbandul, creste interesul pentru materiale video & audio transmise online, cresc si presiunile celor ce vor sa aiba drepturi absolute asupra acestor noi metode de comunicare.
Dupa ce UE a zis ca se gindeste serios ca la modificarea directivei europene " Televiziune fara frontiere" care privea doar TV, sa includa si unele matriale care sunt publicate pe Internet, iata ca si WIPO (adica OMPI - Organizatia Mondiala de Proprietate Intelectuala) discuta serios de citeva vreme despre un tratat mai special - care sa priveasca informatia care este distribuita prin TV, Radio, CATV sau orice alta retea cu sau fara fir, inclusiv Internet.
Acesta nu este un drept de autor, ci un drept al distribuitorului (broadcaster sau webcaster). Acest nou tratat care ar consfinti noi drepturi ale distributorilor (zis si cel din mijloc - pentru ca nu este titular de drepturi de autor, dar nici consumatorul final) este sustinut furtunos de un grup de corporatii (in special americane) care vor si mai multe drepturi exclusive.
Articolul asta descrie mai pe larg intreaga chestiune.
Discutia este purtata de ceva vreme si, in ultima vreme, s-a axat mult pe partea de webcasting - adica transmisiuni video prin Internet.
Am scris un articol pentru EDRi-gram pe aceasta tema pentru ca la ultima intilnire de la inceputul lui Mai s-a obtinut despartirea celor 2 concepte - de broadcasting si webcasting. (vezi articolul si mai jos)
E un subiect interesant si cred ca vom mai auzi destule din zona aceasta.
Webcasting put on a separate track from the new draft WIPO Treaty
10 May, 2006
At the beginning of May 2006 the WIPO Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights (SCCR/14) met in Geneva with the aim to decide on recommendations to the WIPO General Assemblies 2006 in September on a draft WIPO Treaty on the Protection of Broadcasting Organisations.
The proposals for a treaty giving new intellectual property rights for broadcasting and webcasting organizations were discussed over five very tense days. One of the critical points debated was whether or how to include transmissions of broadcast over the Internet, known as webcasting. The United States supported the inclusion of webcasting as an annex to the treaty. The European Union favoured the inclusion of simulcasting (simultaneous transmissions of broadcasts over the Internet).
A growing number of non-profit groups like CPTech, Electronic Frontier Foundation, Public Knowledge, library groups (like IFLA, eIFL), IP-Justice played an important role in opposing the treaty.
Intel Corporation also weighed in with their opposition to the draft treaty considering that " Proponents have not demonstrated that the benefits of creating new exclusive rights outweigh the burdens that these new rights impose", including control of mobile device and digital home innovation, Technical Protection Measures (TPM) that limit design freedom and harm copyright owner interests and the public interest.
On the last day the SCCR finally decided to split the negotiations into two parts: a treaty that will focus on "traditional" broadcasting and one on the technologies that would deliver content over the Internet.
The first part, covering also the newer forms of broadcasting such as cable or satellite TV, will be the subject of a meeting of WIPO SCCR in August 2006 (date to be decided). WIPO member states will try to agree on the text of a draft treaty for "traditional" broadcasting organisations and to get approval and terms of reference from the WIPO General Assemblies which meet in September for a diplomatic conference possibly in 2007.
The second part was put off to another committee meeting to be held in 2007. Written proposals for the webcasting/simulcasting track are due by 1 August. The United States accepted the bifurcation with the condition that if no diplomatic conference is recommended in September on traditional broadcasting, webcasting would be back on the table for future talks.
The decision was saluted by the opponents of the draft Treaty. CPTech commented: "This is a victory for everyone who has opposed linking webcasting to the broadcasting treaty. There is still a lot of work to be done. There is a strong likihood the traditional broadcasting treaty will move forward, and the EU will clearly push to expand this to cases where broadcasters use the Internet.. The Internet is far safer now than before, because the threat of a new treaty for Internet middleman is now much less likely."
WIPO xcasting treaties -- next steps (8.05.2006)
WIPO To Proceed On Broadcasting Treaty Talks Without Webcasting (5.05.2006)
Statement of Intel Corporation Concerning the World Intellectual Property Organization's Proposed Treaty on the Protection of Broadcasting Organizations (10.04.2006)
WIPO carves up the Internet (and the broadcast spectrum) (4.05.2006)
Draft Basic Proposal for the WIPO Treaty on the Protection of Broadcasting Organziations - Including a Non-Mandatory Appendix on The Protection in Relation to Webcasting. (8.02.2006)
Momentum Builds in Talks on Updating Rights of Broadcasting Organizations (8.05.2006)
EDRI-gram Report on WIPO general assemblies (5.10.2005)
Comment from: Member
Bogdane, this is interesting!